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Hair fall is a common occurrence, and it is normal to lose about 100 strands of hair each day. However, if you are experiencing excessive hair fall, it might be time to take a closer look at the underlying reasons. Dr. Soni Gupta, Senior Consultant in Dermatology, Aesthetic Physician, and Hair Transplant, explains that our hair grows in three phases: anagen, catagen, and telogen. A small percentage of our hair is always in the catagen phase, where it falls and is replaced by new hair sprouting out of our hair follicles.
While hair fall can happen to anyone, it is more common in those with nutritional deficiencies. Hormones such as prolactin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, corticosteroids, folic acid, and vitamins D, B12, iron, and calcium, are all responsible for hair growth. Any stress on the body can also lead to hair fall, whether it is related to an exam, a long-term illness, sudden weight loss, or any physical or mental pressure.
Apart from these factors, autoimmune diseases can also cause hair loss. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition where the immune system attacks hair follicles. Telogen effluvium can trigger it in cases of extreme stress.
Hormonal imbalances can also cause long-term hair fall, especially in people with polycystic ovarian disease or women who have more male hormones.
However, in most cases, hair loss is reversible. Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet, avoiding crash diets, reducing stress, and getting regular check-ups can minimize hair loss. Using peptide serums on your hair once in a while can also help. Taking care of your hair can go a long way in maintaining healthy
and strong hair.